The past two decades have seen considerable advances towards the accomplishment of global targets known as Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). MDGs were set in the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994, and agreed upon by 179 governments and emphasized that increasing social, economic and political equality, including reproductive health and rights, is the basis for individual well-being, lower population growth, and sustainable development. But more remains to be done.
Earlier in 2010, UNFPA was mandated to undertake a comprehensive global operational review, in consultation with all stakeholders, to assess the state of population and development based on the highest-quality data and analysis which takes into account the need for a systematic, comprehensive and integrated approach to population and development issues.
In February 2014, the United Nations launched the ICPD Beyond 2014 Report which involved 176 governments, including 19 Arab States and was established around 5 thematic pillars including: 1) dignity & human rights; 2) health; 3) place & mobility; 4) governance & accountability; and, 5) sustainability. Furthermore, two cross-cutting issues are instrumental in that respect, namely: Human Rights and Equity.
The report shows significant achievements over the past 20 years. However, it underscores the gaps that are still prevailing at various levels and threaten to derail the development process, including persistent inequalities and discrimination, social inequity, little progress in women’s status, maternal death, child marriage and pregnancy.
These findings represent a significant contribution to discussions on the post-2015 development agenda starting with the Commission on Social Development, held in February 2014; the Commission on the Status of Women, on-going in March 2014; the Commission on Population Development (CPD) to be held in April 2014; the International Parliamentarians Conference to be held in April 2014; as well as the General Assembly special session to be held in September 2014.
UNFPA’s objective is to secure the inclusion of ICPD issues in the post 2015 development agenda. To this end, UNFPA calls on all national counterparts, governments, sister UN agencies, civil society organizations and media to emphasize on the importance of active engagement in the plenary sessions to convey support for the ICPD Beyond 2014 and facilitate further implementation of the ICPD.
UNFPA strongly believes that the proposed recommendations and policy options are devised to close the gaps based on best practices and lessons learned. The endorsement of such findings and recommendations or the no-objection position would lead to the adoption of the proposed framework for follow-up actions. Supportive strategic positions by countries and endorsing the proposed resolution are considered instrumental to capture actions-oriented recommendations supporting the review findings and conclusions.
For information, please contact:
Salah al-Saleh, O: +968 24496893
UNFPA sub-regional office, Muscat- Oman